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High Cholesterol and FH

• Non-HDL-C: This is a simple number arrived at by subtracting your HDL-C number from your total cholesterol number. It provides an estimate of your cholesterol levels in what are called atherogenic particles — those most likely to cause the buildup of plaque inside your artery walls. It is often recommended as a key number to use to estimate risk in patients who have triglycerides in excess of 200 mg/dL. We’ll talk more about numbers later in this guide. • LDL-C particle number: This newer type of test measures the concentration of LDL-C particles by using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, an advanced imaging technique that takes spectrographic images to determine molecular properties. It can provide very detailed information about the exact types of cholesterol molecules present in the bloodstream and whether they pose a risk for cardiovascular disease. QUIZ 1 YouÕre making great progress! Take a short quiz on what youÕve learned so far. Cholesterol: The Risks Several factors affect how high your cholesterol levels are. Your genetic background plays a big role. So do your lifestyle and any medical conditions you have that affect cholesterol levels in the bloodstream. Risk factors include: • Diet: It’s true, you are what you eat. If you eat foods that are high in saturated fat and cholesterol, it can increase the amount of LDL and total cholesterol in your bloodstream. • Overweight and obesity: Carrying too much weight can also increase your risk. Being overweight or obese can raise LDL-C, total cholesterol and triglyceride levels. • Smoking: Tobacco smoke is terrible PLAY VIDEO Obesity Obesity video for your health. Among many other problems, it can raise your triglyceride levels and lower your levels of HDL-C. 7


High Cholesterol and FH
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