Page 4

High Cholesterol and FH

Why You Should Be Tested for HIGH CHOLESTEROL and FH How Cholesterol Works plaque Cholesterol travels through the bloodstream to reach the cells. When there’s too much cholesterol in the bloodstream, it can bind with other substances in the blood to form a buildup on the interior walls of the arteries that carry blood to the heart. This buildup is called plaque. As plaque continues building up inside artery walls, it slowly starts to clog the artery. This condition is known as atherosclerosis, in which the artery walls become rough and the passageway for blood to pass through is reduced. As this process continues, the flexible artery walls become stiffer and thicker, which causes the passageways to narrow even more. In time, blood flow becomes severely constricted. This can cause serious health problems. One of the problems with atherosclerosis is that special types of blood cells, called platelets, begin to stick to the surface and clump together. This can lead to a blood clot. In time, the buildup of plaque and platelets can close off the artery entirely or cause a rupture, which can release the blood clot into the bloodstream. Once there, the clot can travel to the heart, where it can cause a heart attack, or to the brain, where it can cause a stroke — among other serious potential health problems. Clearly, controlling cholesterol levels is very important. 4 artery


High Cholesterol and FH
To see the actual publication please follow the link above