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Mended Little HeartGuide

SECTION HRHS: Hypoplastic right heart syndrome, characterized by a very small and non-functioning right ventricle and problems with the tricuspid valve (absent or non-functioning) HTN: Hypertension, high blood pressure in the vessels that carry blood from the heart to the body Hypoplastic: When an organ does not completely develop or stops developing. IAA: Interrupted aortic arch, in which the aortic arch is divided or interrupted and a hole in the muscle wall between the two ventricles (VSD) Ischemia: Lack of blood supply to an organ or tissue Jantene Operation: A type of arterial switch surgical procedure LA: Left atrium, the left of the two top chambers of the heart L-TGA: A condition in which the ventricles are on the opposite side of the heart compared to a normal heart, and the pulmonary artery and aorta are also switched MI: Myocardial infarction, a heart muscle that dies due to lack of oxygen, usually called a heart attack when it occurs in an adult Mitral Valve: A valve of two leaflets between the left atrium and left ventricle MPA: Main pulmonary artery, one of the two main vessels that carries un-oxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs Murmur: An extra heart sound that may be heard between normal heart sounds. Murmurs may be normal or abnormal. They are caused by increased turbulence of the blood as it moves through the heart, much like water flowing over rocks in a stream. Myocarditis: An inflammation of the heart muscle, usually caused by a virus or bacteria Non-invasive: This term typically describes tests that are performed on babies, children with CHD or pregnant mothers. Non-invasive means that nothing goes into the skin. A pulse oximetry test, for example, is non-invasive. Non-Stress Test: A non-invasive test performed on pregnant mothers to monitor the health of the baby before birth by making sure the baby’s heart rate increases with movement. Norwood Procedure: The first of a series of open-heart surgeries that are typically used for single-ventricle defects. It reroutes blood flow around defective areas of the heart by creating new pathways for blood circulation to and from the lungs. OHS: Open-heart surgery, surgery performed on the open heart while the blood flow is diverted through the heart-lung machine PA: Pulmonary artery, a vessel that carries unoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs Pa02: Partial pressure of oxygen, a measure of oxygen in arterial blood Palliative Care: Treating symptoms without curing the underlying cause About My Child’s Heart Table of Introduction Contents Go To 34


Mended Little HeartGuide
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