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Mended Little HeartGuide

Diagnosis 3 In The Cardiopulmonary Bypass: A machine that can perform the function of the heart and lung Catheterization: A test used to diagnose and/or treat CHD in which a catheter is inserted into the heart to take pictures (angiography) and measure pressure and oxygen CAVC: Complete atrioventricular canal, the main heart defect seen in patients with Down syndrome CHD: An abbreviation that can stand for either congenital heart defect, congenital heart disease or congestive heart disease CHF: Congestive heart failure, a condition in which the heart cannot pump well enough, creating a backup of blood and congestion in the veins and lungs CoA: Coarctation of the aorta, a blockage in the aorta that may be caused by narrowing of the vessel Comorbidity: When two or more disorders or illnesses happen in the same person, either at the same time or after each other. Comorbidities can worsen the first illness. CXR: Chest x-ray, a test where a picture is taken of the heart, lungs and blood vessels in the chest Cyanosis: Blueness of the lips and fingernails caused by a reduced amount of oxygen in the blood D-TGA: Dextro transposition of great arteries, the aorta and pulmonary artery are connected to the wrong chambers of the heart — the aorta leaves the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery leaves the left ECG or EKG: Electrocardiogram, a test where movement in electrical charges across the heart are recorded ECHO: Echocardiography, a diagnostic tool that uses Doppler techniques to evaluate blood flow patterns and pressures ECMO: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, a technique that provides respiratory support. Blood is circulated through an artificial lung made up of two compartments separated by a permeable membrane, with the blood on one side and the ventilating gas on the other. Fenestration: Surgical creation of an opening, sometimes used in Fontans Fetal Echo: Fetal echocardiogram (echo) is an echo performed on a pregnant mother to diagnose or monitor CHD in a baby before birth Fontan: A combined surgical procedure for complex congenital heart defects that redirects blood flow to bypass the right side of the heart and send oxygen-poor blood directly to the lungs FTT: Failure to thrive, meaning the child has inappropriate weight loss or insufficient weight gain Glenn or Bidirectional Glenn Shunt: A surgical procedure in which a large vein (the superior vena cava) is connected to the right pulmonary artery so that blood can bypass the heart’s right chambers and be taken directly to the lungs for oxygenation HLHS: Hypoplastic left heart syndrome, characterized by a very small and non-functioning left ventricle and problems with the mitral valve (absent or non-functioning) 1 General Information 2 Prenatal Hospital 4 Living With CHD 5 Forms 33


Mended Little HeartGuide
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